• Common Foot Deformities: Bunions

    by Dr. LaMour
    on Apr 13th, 2016

There are a number of structural issues with the foot that can lead to pain, reduced foot function, and an unusual or unsightly appearance of the foot. Many adult foot ailments stem from structural foot deformities that were present at birth or in early childhood. But not all foot deformities are present from birth (aka, congenital), some are acquired later on in life as a result of trauma or overuse. If detected early, many foot abnormalities can be treated during childhood to minimize impact to the foot’s structure and function in adulthood.

About Bunions

One of the most common foot deformities is bunions. A bunion is a bulge that develops over the big toe joint due to a structural deformity in the joint. A bunion is also usually characterized by a deviation in the position of the big toe. The name bunion is derived from the Latin word for turnip. The medical name for a bunion is hallux valgus.

Bunions tend to occur in families, which suggests that some people are genetically predisposed to developing bunions. Bunions tend to occur more frequently among women than men. This might be due to tight-fitting women’s footwear like pointed-toe shoes and many high-heeled shoe styles.

Bunion Appearance

The main sign of a bunion is when the big toe points towards the other toes on the same foot, which may force the foot bone attached to it to stick outwards, creating a bulge.

Other visual signs and symptoms of a bunion may include:

Bunion Pain

The pain associated with a bunion is caused by pressure and friction on the skin and soft tissues surrounding the bulging big toe joint. Bunion pain symptoms and side effects include:

Bunion pain symptoms occur most often when wearing shoes that crowd the toes, such as shoes with a tight toe box or high heels. Spending long periods of time on your feet can also cause or increase bunion pain.

Bunion Side Effects

Over time, progression of the big toe deformity can affect the mechanics of the foot and put extra strain on the foot ligaments and muscles and pain in the forefoot and toes (metatarsalgia). A painful callus may also occur under the big toe joint.

Because the shape of the foot changes, bunions can make it difficult to find shoes that fit

If untreated, bunions can cause arthritis in the big toe and push the second toe out of place.

Bunion Treatment Options

Bunion treatment is initially conservative – changing footwear, pain medications, orthotics, taping, bunion splints, and foot exercises are usually recommended for less severe bunions. Bunion surgery may be recommended in more advanced cases. For more on how bunions are treated, read our bunion pain relief guide.

Do you suffer from bunions? Are you concerned about how to keep your bunion from getting worse? Make an appointment with Dr. Lamour today! Our Austin-area podiatry practice specializes in treating and relieving bunion pain.

Original Source: http://www.drjefflamour.com/foot-diseases/common-foot-deformities-bunions/

Author Dr. LaMour

You Might Also Enjoy...

Managing Pain With Orthotics

Doctors prescribe orthotics — customized and highly technical shoe inserts — to help manage back, leg, and foot pain. Find out if custom orthotics might be able to bring you relief.

Helpful Tips For Managing Your Bunions

Those fancy, pointy-toed new shoes you bought may look great, but they can be killer for your feet. Most bunions are due to ill-fitting shoes. Luckily, if caught early, bunions can be treated without surgery.

How Lasers Can Help Battle Toenail Fungus

Toenail fungus is a common problem in the United States and around the world. It grows underneath the toenails and can cause them to become discolored and brittle. The good news is that a new type of treatment can help.

Why You Should Never Ignore Ingrown Toenails

You put on your shoes in the morning and feel a little tenderness at the edge of your big toenail. Later, you notice the skin around your toenail is red and tender. You probably have an ingrown toenail and should seek medical attention.

3 Surprising Facts about Orthotics

When you suffer from bunions, ulcers, or foot pain, you may think your only options are medications and surgery, but that’s not true. Orthotics offer pain relief and mobility improvement for many foot conditions. To learn more, keep reading!

Our Locations

Choose your preferred location